ERIC Number: ED215160
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Equity from the Bilingual Education Specialist's Perspective. Research and Development Series No. 214D.
Crandall, Jo Ann
Limited English proficiency creates barriers to both education and employment for approximately 28 million people in the United States. They face societal, institutional, and personal barriers to equitable employment. The American job market and employer expectations may be confusing, and the concept of lifelong learning is foreign to them. Barriers presented by educational and employment institutions to the limited English proficient (LEP) adult include standardized entrance examinations, diploma requirements, and employment performance tests. Adults also fear loss or rejection of their culture, ethnicity, and identity when they speak a second language. Four English as a Second Language (ESL) curriculum models integrate vocational and English language skills and provide special assistance to LEP students: prevocational ESL classes, vocational ESL, bilingual vocational training, and on-the-job training with vocational ESL support. Vocational instructors can help LEP students by allowing culturally diverse students to learn in diverse ways, using demonstrations or audiovisual aids and relying less on lectures, and using bilingual assistants. Research and development is needed in the areas of the elements of English needed to be taught and their order, strategies to reduce language demands of LEP jobs, and identification of successful program materials and instructional strategies. (YLB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Admission Criteria, Adult Vocational Education, Bilingual Education, Curriculum, Educational Opportunities, English (Second Language), Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Institutional Characteristics, Labor Market, Models, Non English Speaking, On the Job Training, Personality Traits, Social Influences, Teaching Methods, Vocational Education
The National Center for Research in Vocational Education, National Center Publications, Box F, 1960 Kenny Rd., Columbus, OH 43210 (RD214D, $2.35; set of 17 papers, RD214, $30.00; Equity in Vocational Education, RD213, $5.50. Quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.
Identifiers: Limited English Speaking
Note: For related documents see CE 031 915-932.