ERIC Number: ED214982
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Nature of Questions in Educational Research.
Dillon, J. T.
Some 1000 questions in education journals were analyzed for aspects of usage and content, linguistic structure, cognitive process, and logical operation. Only half of the studies examined were found to use questions, and only a third of the questions addressed teaching and learning, curriculum and milieu. The great majority of questions entailed a single variable and a dichotomous or closed structure, answerable by yes/no or a single word. Fact-stating and explaining were the most characteristic cognitive types of question, while causality was the least characteristic logical type. One-fourth of all questions were rhetorical or deliberative, lacking substance for inquiry. By contrast to theoretical and general journals, empirical journals were found to use fewer questions, addressing more technical topics, entailing an equally closed structure but more variables and causal relations. The findings are proposed to complement other kinds of knowledge about the process of scholarly inquiry. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Question Types
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (66th, New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).