ERIC Number: ED214817
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Dec
Reference Count: 0
The Immigrant Experience as Portrayed in American Literature: A Three Dimensional Teaching Model.
Halaby, Raouf J.
This guide provides the college teacher with a model for teaching undergraduate college students about the immigrant experience. Students read American literature which includes fiction, drama, and poetry as well as biographies, autobiographies, historical accounts, and other politico-socio-economic literature. The model consists of three dimensions. The first dimension, The Historical, Experiential, and Reading Dimension, focuses on having students study historical, social, and cultural milieu. Students read two books--"Strangers To These Shores: Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States" and "The Rise of the Unmeltable Ethnics." They are also involved in out of class enrichment activities and in reading, interpreting, and discussing the fictional works. The significance of this dimension is that it deals with historical dimensions by posing the questions: (1) Why is the nature of time and space important? and (2) How does change and development affect the world in which one lives? The second dimension of the model deals with the elements of the immigrant experience and its representation in literature. These elements are thought and ideas, behaviors and actions, and cultural expressions. The third dimension of the model deals with the personal and relational manner in which literature depicts the protagonists and the antagonists. The conflict in fiction helps the students to understand in a relational manner, the character's struggle with the environment, his fellow man, himself, and/or institutions. Five novels are discussed in depth: "Giants in the Earth,""The Jungle,""Christ in Concrete,""Out of the Furnace," and "Studs Lonigan." Themes focusing on the typical American immigrant experience are considered such as superstition, struggles, tenements, failures, and sickness. The appendix gives an outline of the model. (Author/NE)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the the American Historical Association (Los Angeles, CA, December, 1981).