ERIC Number: ED214721
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Migratory Status and School Achievement: Analysis of Critical Mediating Variables.
Ockerman-Garza, Janet; And Others
The relationship among key social/psychological variables (self-esteem, locus of control, social isolation, perceptions of role models) and achievement among migrant children was examined, using December 1980 data obtained from 1,004 seventh grade students (515 males/489 females) from a large school district in Hidalgo County in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley. The students were predominantly Mexican American; 445 were classified as migrants and 82% were classified as lower socioeconomic class. A questionnaire was developed that included three standardized instruments which were revised: Rosenberg Self-Esteem Index, Nowicki-Strickland Reaction Survey, and Dean's Alienation Scale. Students' perceptions of role models and related occupational structure were obtained from a series of open-ended questions. Achievement data were obtained from a review of students' Stanford Achievement Test subscores in social science, science, English, and math. Data indicated that non-migrants were in the "high" self-esteem category while migrants were in the "medium" category; migrants had a more external orientation than non-migrants; migrant students experienced more school social isolation than non-migrant students, and males were more isolated than females; and all students had a constricted view of the occupational structure and perceived good jobs in sex-stereotyped ways. (NQA)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Comparative Analysis, Grade 7, Junior High School Students, Locus of Control, Mexican Americans, Migrant Children, Occupational Aspiration, Role Models, Role Perception, Self Esteem, Sex Differences, Social Isolation, Socioeconomic Status, Student Attitudes, White Students
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dean Alienation Scale; Nonmigrants; Nowicki Strickland Personal Reaction Survey; Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale
Note: Paper copy not available due to author preference. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 1982).