ERIC Number: ED214665
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Evaluation of Preschool Experiences and Their Relationship to First Grade Basic Skills Achievement in the Greenwood Public Schools.
Saterfiel, Thomas H.; And Others
Results are reported from a study designed to evaluate the preschool experiences of pupils in the Greenwood, Mississippi, public schools. The relationship of these experiences to pupils' first grade basic skills achievement was also examined. In order to determine what constituted the Greenwood area's preschool program, each preschool center within the city was visited and evaluated in terms of six areas of interest: language development, physical development, social-emotional development, cognition, problem-solving, and scientific, mathematical and creative development. In addition to visiting each preschool setting in the city, the parents of each first grade student were interviewed by their child's first grade teacher. The interview was basically structured to identify the child's preschool experiences and the type of experiences a child had had at home. These experiences were labeled Reading, Verbal, Physical, Social, Travel, Music, and Art. Background data in family structure were also collected and were used to examine the influence of the home environment on the child's achievement. Achievement data on the first grade students were also collected. This data included California Achievement Test Scores for reading and mathematics, as well as the grades the students received for reading, mathematics, spelling, and handwriting. Results from visiting the preschool centers are presented and the results from the analysis of 10 background and first grade variables collected for each child are discussed. These variables are race, sex, reading, math, spelling and handwriting grades, type of school, place in family, and preschool attendence. Finally, the results from the analysis of home experience variables are considered. Four conclusions and recommendations derived from the study are outlined, and a copy of the parent interview form along with a copy of the Preschool Activity Form, used to collect data on the preschool programs, are appended. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Mississippi (Greenwood)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).