ERIC Number: ED214620
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Cognitive Value of Two-Year Colleges for Whites and Blacks.
Robertshaw, Dianne; Wolfle, Lee M.
In 1980, a study was conducted to evaluate the cognitive development of community college graduates. Data were drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972. The control variables used in the analysis were three socioeconomic variables and scores on two standardized tests of verbal and mathematical achievement. The independent variable was level of education (i.e., high school, two-year college, or four-year college) and the outcome measures were scores on verbal and mathematics tests administered in 1979. Separate analyses were performed for blacks (N=327) and whites (N=1273). The study revealed that: (1) for white students, verbal and mathematics achievement was higher among those who received postsecondary education than those who terminated their education after high school; (2) both black and white students who went on to postsecondary institutions received higher scores on the verbal test in 1979 than in 1972, though during this period their mathematics scores declined; (3) the greatest relative improvement in verbal skills among blacks came from those who had graduated from four-year colleges; and (4) blacks from two-year colleges did not perform better on the 1979 verbal test than blacks with a high school education. A major study conclusion was that two-year colleges contribute to students' cognitive development, but that benefits to black students are less evident than benefits to white students. (HB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Students, Cognitive Development, College Graduates, Comparative Analysis, High School Graduates, Knowledge Level, Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Quantitative Tests, Scores, Standardized Tests, Two Year College Students, Verbal Tests, White Students
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: National Longitudinal Study High School Class 1972
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).