ERIC Number: ED214462
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Psychosocial Characteristics of Female Medical Students.
Blumberg, Phyllis; And Others
Self-perceptions of male and female medical students on various psychosocial characteristics were compared in 1980. The questionnaire consisted of: the Social Support Networks questions, the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (Holmes and Rahe, 1967), the General Well Being Scale (Gurin, Veroff, and Felds, 1960), the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (1965), and the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale (1953), and demographic questions. Thirty-two third-year medical students, who were white and middle class, were assessed. Female medical students considered physicians to be part of their social support network much more frequently than did male students. The social support networks of both sexes included friends, relatives, and significant others of the opposite sex (i.e., boy or girl friend or spouse). The females appeared to be experiencing more changes, more depression, and less general well-being than the males. About half of the females and half of the males review material for examinations by themselves without talking over confusing material with others. None of the people that the males speak to when anxious are females. It is hypothesized that increased life events may cause the more adaptive people to seek out additional help, and this help may result in measures of increased social support. The fact that the women relied more on other physicians than their male counterparts may confer an advantage on women in their overall short-term adaptation. It could be that this factor counters the potential negative impact of lowered well-being and depression. A bibliography is appended. (SW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Significant Other
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 1982).