ERIC Number: ED214222
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of the Effects of Sex and Status on the Perceived Appropriateness of Nonverbal Behaviors.
Baglan, Thomas; Nelson, Doris
A study examined perceptions of the appropriateness of nonverbal behaviors in dyadic interactions. A questionnaire was constructed containing descriptions of nine touching, posture, and personal space behaviors likely to occur in normal dyadic interactions, such as entering a room without knocking, leaning back and putting one's feet on a desk, addressing another by first name, stepping aside in a hallway to let another pass, failing to laugh at another's joke, and interrupting someone during a conversation. For each type of behavior listed, four different contexts were constructed. The first two described a male/female dyad with the behavior performed by the male, then the female. The other two were high status/low status dyads, with the behavior performed by the high status person, then by the low status person. The subjects, 298 college students, were asked to rate the appropriateness of the behaviors described. The results indicated that touching, posture, and personal space behaviors were considered more appropriate for high status persons than for low status persons, while few differences were found between the sexes. Putting one's feet on the desk and stepping aside in the hallway were considered more appropriate for males, and failing to laugh at a joke and gesturing for another to come around to her side of the desk were considered more appropriate for females. (HTH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Interpersonal Communication
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Speech Communication Association (Hot Springs, AR, April 6-9, 1982).