ERIC Number: ED214206
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Cross-Cultural Differences in Self-Reported Touch Avoidance.
Jones, Tricia S.; Remland, Martin S.
Two hundred forty-eight male and female subjects from United States, Mediterranean, Near East, and Far East cultures completed a touch avoidance measure in a study examining cultural differences in touching behavior. Factor analysis of the instrument yielded four factors: opposite sex, other-directed same sex, kissing, and self-directed same sex. Results indicated that Americans were less adverse to opposite sex and self-directed same sex touching than were Mediterraneans and were less adverse to opposite sex touching, kissing, and other-directed same sex touching than Far Easterners. The analysis also revealed that people from Near East cultures were less adverse to opposite sex touching than were Mediterranean or Far Eastern people, and less adverse to other-directed same sex touching and kissing than Far Easterners. An auxillary analysis of the effects of sex and age on the touch avoidant attitudes of Americans and Far Easterners revealed that females were less adverse than males to other-directed same sex touching, kissing, and self-directed same sex touching. For opposite sex touching there was a correlation between sex and culture. American males and females did not differ but Far Eastern females were more touch avoidant than Far Eastern males. American females were less touch avoidant than Far Eastern males or females on the opposite sex factor. No effects for age were detected. (Author/HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Far East; Mediterranean Region; Near East; Tactile Communication; Tactile Defensiveness; United States