ERIC Number: ED214150
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Television Viewing Behavior and the Development of Reading Skills: Survey Evidence.
Bachen, Christine M.; And Others
A study was undertaken to explore the processes underlying the relationship between television viewing and reading achievement. Subjects were 580 second, third, and sixth grade students from nine schools in four different geographical regions in order to provide a cross-section of students in terms of socioeconomic status (SES), urban/rural environment, and racial and ethnic background. The subjects kept television viewing logs for seven days and then completed an extensive questionnaire eliciting demographic information, television viewing and reading habits, and school behavior information. Path analysis was then used to chart connections between the subjects' SES, home environment, amount of television usage, and cognitive involvement and their television and reading achievement. Results showed that (1) reading abilities are dependent upon more than just the formal instruction offered by schools, (2) certain orientations toward reading or television can augment the effects of the amount of reading or viewing a child does, and (3) it is possible to locate an orientation within the television sequence that positively predicts reading achievement, with cognitive involvement with television representing skills that parallel those necessary for good reading in sixth grade students. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).