ERIC Number: ED214148
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Comparison of Effects of Different Forms of Presentation on the Recall and Retrieval of Information.
Jonassen, David H.; Pace, Ann Jaffe
A study compared the relative effects of typographically cued or mapped text, intact text with signaling, and intact text without signaling on the recall and retrieval of information from prose passages. (Signaling, a noncontent aspect of prose, emphasizes certain aspects of the semantic content or points out aspects of the structure of content.) Sixty college students were randomly assigned to one of 12 experimental groups that read one passage for recall (responding to 12 questions without referring to the text) and then another passage for retrieval (responding to questions by referring to the text). The types of passage read (nonsignaled, signaled, or mapped) and the order of presentation of two passages were completely counterbalanced. No main effects were significant in the analysis of scores on the retrieval task, although the signaled version produced significantly better performance on questions about intermediate-level information. Consistent with results of the work of B. Meyer and others, this study showed that signaling produced insignificantly better recall of information on probed recall tasks. The results raise questions about the current practice in the field of text design of using typographic and spatial cues to highlight text information. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Prose Learning; Text Structure
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).