ERIC Number: ED214054
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
When Prohibition Works: Alternatives to Violence in the Odyssey House Youth Program and in the Family.
King, David F.; Straus, Murray A.
Physical violence, a factor often associated with drug addiction, must be reduced or eliminated in order for drug dependent individuals to reenter society. To examine the extent to which individual violence associated with drug addiction was controllable by the Odyssey House drug addiction rehabilitation program, the violence potential of 47 residents was investigated through direct observation of the subjects' behaviors for a 6-month period. Results revealed that overt violence was well controlled within the facility, due in part to: (1) strong and unambiguous norms and sanctions; (2) opportunities to acquire self-esteem; (3) non-violent role models; (4) a procedure that enabled wrongs to be righted and conflicts to be resolved; and (5) a social learning process to extinguish violent behavior. The findings suggest that the Odyssey House program has been remarkably successful. (RC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attitudes, Behavior Standards, Drug Addiction, Drug Rehabilitation, Milieu Therapy, Psychological Characteristics, Role Models, Self Esteem, Sensitivity Training, Social Behavior, Violence
Family Violence Research Program, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (.65 per copy).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Odyssey House
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (Toronto, Canada, August 24-28, 1981).