ERIC Number: ED213713
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
The Effectiveness of a Combination Treatment Approach on Moderately Anxious Students at a Predominantly Black College.
Morse, Roberta; And Others
Treatment for two types of anxiety was tested in 78 black college freshmen: state anxiety, characterized by subjective feelings of tension, apprehension, and worry; and trait anxiety, the disposition to perceive a certain situation as threatening or dangerous. Students who were found to have high anxiety levels were assigned to four treatment groups and a control group. The students in the control group received no treatment. Those students who had indicated they were anxious about a variety of situations comprised the two heterogeneous treatment groups. Two homogeneous groups were formed, one for students who had ranked anxiety about academics highest among five possible anxiety sources, and the other for students who ranked interpersonal relationships as producing the highest anxiety. The four treatment groups attended four treatment sessions consisting of instruction in the use of: (1) an emotive therapy approach in keeping a daily diary; (2) a progressive relaxation technique; (3) thought-stopping and visual-imagery techniques; and (4) group discussions of a counseling text. Discussions in the homogeneous treatment groups focused on the specific anxieties troubling those students, while treatment discussions for the heterogeneous groups were diffuse. After the treatment sessions, the control subjects' state anxiety was significantly higher than that of the treatment groups. However, the trait anxiety of the treatment groups was not significantly different than that of the control group. The relaxation therapy and rational emotive therapy were found to be the most effective treatment techniques. (FG)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Anxiety, Aptitude Treatment Interaction, Black Colleges, Black Students, College Freshmen, Higher Education, Interpersonal Relationship, Relaxation Training, Stress Variables, Student Characteristics
Not available separately; see SP 019 911.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: State Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger)