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ERIC Number: ED213529
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Night Sleep in the Company of a Sibling Related to School Achievement.
Ong, Sara
A single subject ABAB design was used to investigate the effect on academic achievement of altering the sleeping arrangements of a low-achieving, 9-year-old third grade male student who slept in bunk beds with an older brother aged 14 years. The subject's diagnostic test performance on reading and math measures was assessed at the beginning of the school year. He received a 1.5 grade equivalent score in reading and correctly answered three out of 26 math questions. The ABAB single subject design was chosen in order to relate sleeping patterns and school achievement. In the A periods, the subject slept in twin beds in one room with his brother. In the B periods, the subject slept in a separate room alone. The A and B periods were not uniform in length. The first A period lasted 17 weeks to establish a baseline for the subject's academic performance. The first B interval in which the subject slept alone was terminated when the child's teacher observed that he had scored higher on spelling tests and with more consistency than previously. The second A period was terminated when adverse results appeared on school work. The subject was then returned to the B condition until the end of the school year. In the last B condition reading and math posttests were administered. Results indicate that the subject showed substantial gains in academic tests (spelling, reading and math) during B periods when he slept in a separate room alone. Results and limitations of the study are discussed. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Single Subject Designs