ERIC Number: ED213400
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Computer Literacy in an Elementary School: A Comparison of Two Methods Using Microcomputers. Report No. 81:18.
Nordman, R.; Parker, J.
This report compares two methods of teaching BASIC programming used to develop computer literacy among children in grades three through seven in British Columbia. Phase one of the project was designed to instruct children in grades five to seven on the arithmetic operations of writing simple BASIC programs. Instructional methods included using job cards, program cards, and large group instruction, and each student was allowed to spend an equal amount of time on the computer. Phase two was also designed to teach arithmetic operations of BASIC programming, but this time worksheets and take home assignments were the major instructional tools used with children in grades three through five. Moreover, students were only allowed to use the microcomputers as needed to complete assignments. Results indicated that children from both groups made gains in their comprehension of programming, but that this was not necessarily related to age or instructional methods. It was concluded that LOGO type languages may be better for working with elementary school students, with BASIC being reserved for more advanced stages of instruction. This report includes pre- and posttests, scores, job cards for the lessons, and background material for teaching computer literacy prior to programming. (MER)
Descriptors: Computer Literacy, Computer Programs, Educational Innovation, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Intermode Differences, Microcomputers, Programing, Programing Languages, Teaching Methods
Educational Research Institute of British Columbia, Suite 400, 515 West 10th Ave., Vancouver, B.C. V5Z 4A8 ($15.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Research Inst. of British Columbia, Vancouver.
Identifiers: BASIC Programing Language; British Columbia
Note: Best available copy.