ERIC Number: ED213085
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Minorities, the Poor and School Finance Reform. Vol. 9: Summary and Conclusions.
In this concluding volume of a nine-volume study of the impact of school finance reform on the poor and minorities, the author summarizes the project's methods, variables, findings, and conclusions about reform in the six states of California, Colorado, Florida, Michigan, New Mexico, and Texas. He first discusses the two general approaches to finance reform--social equity (equalizing expenditures) and fiscal neutrality (equalizing fiscal opportunities). The variables studied include educational resources, district wealth, tax effort, income, ethnicity, and urban location. These were analyzed at the district level and the school level (in Florida only) using correlations, percentiles, and measures of central tendency. Among the findings are that finance reform slightly decreased spending disparities and wealth discrimination, slightly increased fiscal neutrality, and made little change in revenues for poor and minority students. In Florida the study found greater spending disparities and ethnic concentrations at the school level than at the district level. The author concludes that finance reforms caused only slight improvements in social equity or fiscal neutrality and that reforms aimed at wealth neutrality will not necessarily benefit poor and minority students because such students are not always concentrated in low-wealth districts. (Author/RW)
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Economically Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Equalization Aid, Ethnic Distribution, Expenditure per Student, Federal Aid, Finance Reform, Income, Minority Group Children, Research Methodology, Rural Urban Differences, School District Spending, School Funds, State Aid, Tax Effort
Intercultural Development Research Association, 5835 Callaghan, Suite 350, San Antonio, TX 78228.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Intercultural Development Research Association, San Antonio, TX.
Identifiers: Equity (Education); Fiscal Neutrality; School District Wealth
Note: For related documents, see EA 014 370-377. Table 1 may reproduce poorly due to small print of original document.