ERIC Number: ED212971
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Influences of Sex Differences and Achievement on Test Anxiety.
Billingham, Katherine A.; And Others
Research has recognized that anxiety may exert a debilitating effect on students' academic performance; however, many studies of test anxiety have been limited by their failure to consider sex differences. Two studies were conducted to analyze sex differences of the Test Anxiety Scale (TAS) and achievement correlates and to validate a factor analytic study of the TAS. In the first study, TAS scores plus Richardson Factors I and II from 694 freshmen were correlated with high school rank, ACT (American College Test) scores, and grade point average. In the second study, 42 subjects completed the TAS and several achievement attitude measures and anxiety measures. In both studies, females had higher scores than males on TAS and Richardson Factors I and II. For females, test anxiety was related to achievement measures and attitudes. The findings confirm the importance of sex differences in test anxiety. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Sarason Test Anxiety Scale
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, August 24-26, 1981).