ERIC Number: ED212970
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Determinants of Performance: A Process Model.
Dorfman, Peter W.; Stephan, Walter G.
Literature from organizational and social psychology has suggested that three types of factors influence performance, i.e., cognitive, affective and behavioral. A model was developed to test a set of propositions concerning the relationship between the three kinds of factors, and included attributions, expectancies, general emotional responses to prior performances, task satisfaction, prior task performance, subsequent effort, and final performance. Data were collected from business students (N=93) participating in a business decision-making game. Path analysis results provided considerable support for the model, including that: (1) attributions for outcome at midpoint of the game were influenced by quality of the outcome; (2) higher expectations were associated with internal attributions; and (3) affective responses were a function of prior performance, internal attributions, and high expectancies. The findings demonstrate the interplay of a variety of causal factors that contribute to performance outcome. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, August 24-26, 1981).