ERIC Number: ED212956
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship Between Photographs and Self-Image.
Pazer, Shelley; Beilin, Harry
Duval and Wicklund proposed a theory of self-awareness that distinguishes between objective and subjective self-awareness, in which objectively self-aware individuals are assumed to focus attention on themselves and subjectively self-aware individuals direct attention toward external objects. To investigate self-awareness of physical attractiveness within a theory of objective self-awareness, subjects (N=75) at five age levels (from 7 to 70 years) ranked photographs of themselves and group members from most to least attractive. Results indicated that coefficients of concordance of interrater physical attractiveness rankings were statistically significant at all age levels. Individual's self-rankings, however, did not correlate significantly with cohort rankings of the same photographs. Subsequent interviews revealed that most subjects believed photographs of themselves could change their own as well as other's opinions concerning their physical attractiveness. Almost all young children liked photographs of themselves, while almost all middle-aged subjects disliked their photographs. The elderly appeared resigned to the changes in their appearance and to their photographs. The findings tend to support an objective self-awareness theory. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Objective Self Awareness; Physical Attractiveness
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (52nd, New York, NY, April 22-25, 1981). Best copy available.