ERIC Number: ED212424
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Access of Rural Girls to Primary Education in the Third World: State of Art, Obstacles, and Policy Recommendations.
In the Third World, women's literacy and access to primary education lags behind that of men, and the situation is more accentuated for rural than for urban women. In general, rural women have lower literacy than rural men and than urban women. Because a considerable percentage of girls enrolled in primary school are over 14 years old, marriage, pregnancy, and loss of interest in school often prevent graduation from primary school. Rural girls' access to formal education is the key to their integration into the development efforts of their countries and to better employment and marital options. Primary school education also provides rural women with the option of migration to urban areas. Obstacles to rural women's access to elementary education include: numerous household and childcare responsibilities; competing involvement in productive activities; parents' negative attitudes toward daughters' education; parents' limited financial and educational resources; shortage of schools; shortage of women school teachers and negative attitudes of male teachers; malnutrition and chronic infections; and educational sex-segregation. Policies which would increase access of low income boys and girls to primary education are needed. Additionally, policies directed specifically toward rural girls are needed to increase the probability that girls and boys will benefit equally. (Author/CM)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Adult Education, Cultural Context, Developing Nations, Dropouts, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Discrimination, Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Education, Females, Foreign Countries, Illiteracy, Parent Attitudes, Poverty, Rural Areas, Rural to Urban Migration, Rural Youth, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, Sex Stereotypes, Teacher Attitudes
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (Dept. of State), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Third World Education Systems