ERIC Number: ED212180
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-May
Reference Count: 0
Japanese Universities and the World--Their Features and Tasks.
Characteristics of the Japanese university and future issues, including the university's research role, are considered. More than 75 percent of university students and 91 percent of junior college students in Japan attend private institutions. Japanese universities are scattered unevenly geographically, and often they offer only certain fields of study. Many are in large urbanized areas and the majority of their students major in humanities and social sciences. In 1979 the number of graduate students was only three percent of the total college student population. Plans for independent graduate schools are being considered, especially in the field of science and technology, and the measures suggest that the degree system would be changed from certifying scholastic achievements to identifying research ability. The fact that Japanese universities are meant only for the Japanese is evidenced by the small number of foreign students (about 6,000) and foreign professors (940). It is suggested that there is a need for internationalization of the universities in Japan, which traditionally has been influenced by the hereditary system of society that emphasizes the common background of students and teachers. In Japan, half of the university budget is to be allotted to research. It is suggested that increased cooperation in research be undertaken. References are made to the higher education systems in other countries. (SW)
Descriptors: College Role, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Foreign Students, Geographic Distribution, Graduate Study, Higher Education, Institutional Characteristics, Intercollegiate Cooperation, International Educational Exchange, Majors (Students), Private Colleges, Research Opportunities, Research Skills, Undergraduate Study
National Institute for Educational Research, 6-5-22 Shimomeguro, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153, Japan.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. for Educational Research, Tokyo (Japan).