ERIC Number: ED212111
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Use of Time-Out in a Residential Treatment Program for Emotionally Disturbed Children.
Swartz, Stanley L.; And Others
Literature is reviewed on the use of timeout as exclusion and isolation with behavior problem children. Considerations in designing timeout procedures are noted, and the effectiveness of timeout when viewed as a punishment is discussed. Legal challenges to behavior modification uses are briefly addressed. A longitudinal study involving 29 emotionally disturbed children (6 to 13 years old) in a residential treatment program revealed that, based on timeout frequencies, both exclusion (E:TO) and isolation (I:TO) timeouts appeared to result in short-term control rather than alteration of problem behavior. Data indicated that E:TO can have an exacerbating or additive effect, and that I:TO efficacy is greater with lower severity behaviors and for shorter durations. It is concluded that the use of timeout as an intervention underlying an entire treatment program seems ill-advised and unlikely to meet the children's individual treatment goals. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Western Illinois Univ., Macomb. Coll. of Education.
Note: Conference on Severe Behavior Disorders of Children and Youth (Tempe, AZ, November, 1981).