ERIC Number: ED211993
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Evolution of Text: The Interrelationship of Reading and Writing in the Composing Process.
Atwell, Margaret A.
Ten college students deemed to have above average writing ability and ten basic skills students participated in a study that examined the role of reading in the writing process. The students wrote one personal essay in a timed and videotaped session. During half of this session, the students wrote and planned as they normally would in an impromptu situation. During the second half of the session, however, the students used a technique termed "blind writing" in which they wrote with pens that had no ink and on paper that allowed no trace of the writing. Visible copies of the writing were obtained through the use of carbon paper. After the 20-minute writing episode, each student read his or her complete product and discussed the entire episode and the strategies employed in producing the writing. Analysis of the writing was limited to the semantic structures of the texts and focused on two levels: the microstructure, or small units of meaning, and the macrostructure, or the coherence networks created to tie the small units together. The analysis indicated no difference between the make-up of the text bases of the visible and the blind writing for either group of students. However, all writers indicated that at some point in their writing they had stopped to read what had been written, suggesting that reading is intrinsically related to writing. (Excerpts from the student essays are appended.) (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Reading Writing Relationship
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council of Teachers of English (71st, Boston, MA, November 20-25, 1981).