ERIC Number: ED211946
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Dec
Reference Count: 0
RSM2P: A Meta-Cognitive Approach for Teaching Cognitive Strategies to Facilitate Learning.
Huhn, Ralph H., Jr.
The "impulsive responder" is a learner who avoids or eliminates confusing situations. Rather than acknowledging that a given problem solving task is too difficult, the impulsive responder simply perceives a different task--one that he or she has learned to solve. For the teacher there may be many different problems, but for the impulsive responder the problem is always the same--relief from the focus of attention. One procedure for teaching these students some very specific steps for "thinking through" a task is the Rationale, Steps, Model, Practice (aided), and Practice (independent) (RSM2P) approach. This procedure may be used to teach any cognitive strategy. The teacher begins by discussing the purpose of the strategy and how it can help the student. Next, the teacher provides the student with the steps of the specific cognitive strategy in writing and then models the use of the strategy while vocalizing the thinking and decision making process. The student can thus see and hear how to perform the task and become aware of how the thought process monitors the performance, and can then use the strategy with the assistance of the teacher. Finally, the teacher gives the student a number of similar tasks to determine if learning the strategy has effected more accurate performance. (HOD)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Reading Strategies
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Reading Forum (2nd, Sarasota, FL, December 10-12, 1981).