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ERIC Number: ED211926
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Sep
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Does Comprehension Depend on Reading Age?
Whyte, Jean
A study was conducted to discover what adult literacy students in Northern Ireland felt about a series of booklets that had been developed especially for such students and to find out the students' levels of comprehension of the materials--specifically to determine if comprehension depended on the subject's reading age. Twenty-one male students between the ages of 15 and 26.9, whose reading ages ranged from 6.3 to 13.1 years, participated in the study. Each student completed a two-part questionnaire for each booklet and an additional questionnaire after reading all booklets. The first part of the questionnaire elicited reactions to the booklets, while the second part gauged comprehension. The results of the first part of the questionnaire indicated that the students approved of the general physical presentation of the booklets and the content. Responses to the second part of the questionnaire indicated that comprehension did not depend upon reading age. The findings support the theory that comprehension is an interactive process--that a reader's prior knowledge plays a part not only in the perceptual aspects of the reading process, but also in the act of comprehension that these processes lead up to. The results also suggest that interaction between text and previous experience may assist in decoding, as students were able to find appropriate answers to questions of differing levels in a text which at face value should have been too difficult for them. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Northern Ireland
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Reading Association of Ireland (6th, Dublin, Ireland, September 24-26, 1981).