ERIC Number: ED211881
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Reciprocity of Interpersonal Attraction: A Confirmed Hypothesis.
La Voie, Lawrence; Kenny, David A.
An increase in reciprocity of interpersonal attraction during the early acquaintance period followed by continuing social reciprocity are propositions that are central principles of several social psychological viewpoints. However, there is little empirical evidence of increasing reciprocity of interpersonal attraction over time. Two potential reasons exist for this failure to find reciprocity over time. First, the reciprocity correlation contains a mixture of two correlations: reciprocity at the individual level, and reciprocity at the dyadic level. Second, physical proximity may affect reciprocity, particularly during early acquaintance. The two reciprocity correlations and effects of physical proximity can be estimated from a round robin design. Data from six eight-person clusters studied by Curry and Emerson were analyzed. Correlations computed by taking all possible dyads measured at five time points showed weak reciprocity effects with a decrease across the five time points. The individual level correlations were small, while the dyadic correlations were positive. Partialling out roommate effects from the dyadic correlation enhanced increasing reciprocity over time. Thus, the findings suggest that reciprocity of attraction increases over time when the research accounts for two different levels of analysis and controls for roommate effects. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Reciprocity; Roommates
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (52nd, New York, NY, April 22-25, 1981). Best copy available.