ERIC Number: ED211864
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Understanding the Role of Community in Delinquency Prevention.
Lynch, James P.; And Others
Studies of delinquency have recently shifted their emphasis from social structures that motivate delinquent acts to those that define an act as delinquent. This shift suggests that preventing behavior from being labeled delinquent could prevent the occurrence of additional or more serious delinquency. A study of Chicago communities demonstrated that communities respond differently to such behavior. In communities with the lowest rates of official delinquency, results indicated that residents used numerous alternatives to the police in response to pre-delinquent behavior, while residents of communities with high rates of official delinquency tended to call the police. These differences suggest that a community's ability to provide alternatives to the justice system may reduce the official delinquency rate as well as the number of children who proceed from pre-delinquent to delinquent behavior. (Author/JA)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior Problems, Behavior Standards, Community Organizations, Community Role, Crime, Delinquency Prevention, Labeling (of Persons), Police Community Relationship, Public Opinion, Social Values, Youth Problems
Bureau of Social Science Research, 1550 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20036.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, August 24-26, 1981). Best copy available.