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ERIC Number: ED211319
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The End of Rural Society and the Future of Rural Sociology.
Friedland, William H.
Rural sociology confronts a continuing crisis of identity because of its failure to develop a sociology of agriculture. Historically, despite an initial focus on agriculture, rural sociology became deflected to the analysis of rurality. Recent emphasis of rural sociologists on the turnaround phenomenon is symptomatic, but fails to deal with the fact that such turnaround represents the penetration of previously rural space by urban-based economic functions. Rural sociology has increased its irrelevance by failing to locate itself appropriately in the productionist oriented land grant system. It could resolve its problems, as has agricultural economics, by providing ideological justification for productionism. It could also seek to develop a new constituency for its production. This would probably jeopardize its location in the land grant system, but probably represents the only way out of a closed and limited paradigm. Several new developments in the sociology of agriculture involving neopopulist and neomarxist paradigms hold promise for a revised rural sociology. (Author/BR)
Descriptors: Agricultural Production, Agricultural Trends, Agriculture, Capitalism, Change Strategies, Futures (of Society), Land Grant Universities, Long Range Planning, Marxism, Professional Occupations, Research Needs, Rural Environment, Rural Population, Social Change, Social History, Sociology, Urban to Rural Migration
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Santa Cruz.
Identifiers: Agricultural Economics; Constituency Development; Identity Crisis; Populism; Rural Sociology
Note: Paper presented at the plenary session, "Rural Sociology: A Look to the Future," Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (Guelph, Ontario, Canada, August 1981).