ERIC Number: ED211266
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Western South Dakota's Country Schools. Country School Legacy: Humanities on the Frontier.
As part of an eight-state research effort to locate and preserve information related to country schools, this report examines western South Dakota's country schools as historic sites, country schools as community centers, teachers (their roles, rules, and restrictions), school curriculum, education for Sioux Indians, and country schools today. School records, periodicals, manuscripts, and oral histories provide facts and anecdotes such as: in 1935 there were 4,029 frame school buildings, 77 of stucco, 59 of brick, 18 of hollow tile, 13 of logs, 3 each of stone and concrete, and 2 of sod; 11:00 P.M. was the hour when both men and women teachers were expected to be home; state law required that there must be at least 7 pupils to constitute a school, but this rule was broken or changed because some schools had only 2 or 3 pupils; in 1894, 81.7% of the children in South Dakota were enrolled in school, while during the depression year of 1934, only 42.8% of the children were enrolled; because of the lack of pencils, paper, and books, memorization was an important part of education; today, 108 small rural schools are still operating in western South Dakota. (NEC)
Descriptors: Acculturation, American Indian Education, American Indians, Community Centers, Community Schools, Cultural Background, Cultural Influences, Curriculum, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Historic Sites, One Teacher Schools, Oral History, Rural Education, Rural Schools, School Buildings, School Community Relationship, Small Schools, State History, Teacher Role
Publication Type: Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mountain Plains Library Association, Silt, CO. Country School Legacy Project.
Identifiers: Country School Legacy Project; Sioux (Tribe); South Dakota
Note: For related documents, see RC 013 047-058 and RC 013 071-084. Best copy available.