ERIC Number: ED210977
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Oct
Reference Count: 0
New Patterns of Authority in Higher Education. Intergovernmental Conference on Policies for Higher Education in the 80s (Paris, France, October 12-14, 1981).
The evolving patterns of authority in the higher education systems of countries that are members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are reviewed. Attention is directed to the major characteristics of the traditional patterns of authority, pressures for changed experiences during the transformation from elite to mass institutions, the process of reform, and the contents of reform at both the central level and within institutions. The following five traditional, modes of governance are briefly examined: The Continental or European mode, the British mode, the American mode, the Japanese mode, and the Yugoslavian mode. Pressures for change with respect to higher education governance include: the growth of higher education, the need for coordination of the larger higher education enterprise, the impact of student unrest and demands, the change in status of intermediate and junior teaching staff, and broader social and policy trends, including efforts to boost regional and local self-governance. All OECD countries have strengthened their central capacity for policy analysis and coordination in higher education in recent decades. In all OECD countries higher education now occupies a more prominent role on the political agenda than before the period of explosive growth in the 1950s and 1960s, and there has been a trend toward participative forms of governance within institutions. Additionally, bureaucracy increased in higher education, probably because of size and of multiplication of purposes. A summary of Working Group Three's discussion of institutional autonomy, participation, and decision-making is appended, along with a bibliography. (SW)
Descriptors: College Administration, Comparative Education, Coordination, Decision Making, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Educational Trends, Foreign Countries, Governance, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, Institutional Autonomy, Models, Power Structure
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, Chateau de la Muette, 2, rue Andre-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France.
Publication Type: Collected Works - Proceedings; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).
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