ERIC Number: ED210966
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Person-Centered Management in Project Administration.
Caraway, James E.
The theories of several contemporary management theorists are examined in order to demonstrate that their administrative stance is that of a person-intensive approach to management. After exploring leadership theory and the positions of Douglas McGregor, John J. Morse, Jay W. Lorsch, Rensis Likert, Bernard M. Bass, William Reddin, George H. Rice, Jr. and Dean W. Bishoprick, the relational theories of Paul Tillich and Martin Buber are analyzed. Additionally, the implications of person-centered management in the administration of organizations, including federal programs, are addressed. It is suggested that the contemporary management theorists all affirm the significance of the interpersonal dimension in the managerial-administrative milieu, but none of them address in any detail the groundwork for adopting such an approach or the implications of such an understanding. It is suggested that relational theory will promote understanding of administration and that taken together the theories of Tillich and Buber support and enhance one another. Tillich's relation of separation or estrangement is analogous to Buber's I-It relation, and Tillich's relation of reconciliation or "at-onement" is analogous to Buber's I-Thou relation. Implications for the management of federal programs include the importance of their demonstrating that persons are valued over things, and the need to avoid the hierarchical approach to management in favor of a collegial organizational structure. Organizational administration should be based on trust, surrender of aggressiveness, or concern for the other person's welfare, and should consider all staff as whole persons and relate to them as such. A bibliography is appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Employer Employee Relationship, Federal Programs, Higher Education, Human Relations, Interpersonal Relationship, Interprofessional Relationship, Leadership Styles, Organizational Climate, Organizational Development, Organizational Theories, Philosophy, Power Structure, Program Administration, Teamwork
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Buber (Martin); Tillich (Paul)