ERIC Number: ED210937
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Factors Affecting Vocabulary Learning in a Second Language.
This paper discusses the factors that either facilitate or inhibit vocabulary learning and suggests practical classroom techniques for beginning and more advanced students. Vocabulary acquisition is related to the learning situation and to the form, meaning, and grammatical role of the new item in the target language. The focus of the teaching should be on the needs of communication and, therefore, on the active skills (speaking and writing) in real life situations. The learner's task of processing the input -- of acquiring a new word -- revolves around three key factors: (1) the phonological shape of the word, (2) its meaning, and (3) its grammatical role in a sentence. Each of these features presents potential problems for the second language student in varying degrees, depending on proficiency. Techniques involved in the solutions to these problems are discussed. Because motivation is a key to learning vocabulary, it is suggested that the teacher discuss with the class words they would like to know or think they should know, so only pertinent items are addressed. Directed vocabulary study must become an integral part of foreign language programs if adequate communicative competence is to be achieved at any proficiency level. (Author/JK)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Communicative Competence (Languages), Error Analysis (Language), Grammar, Learning Motivation, Motivation Techniques, Phonology, Second Language Learning, Semantics, Speech Skills, Student Teacher Relationship, Teaching Methods, Vocabulary Development, Writing (Composition)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Revised version of a paper presented at the Spring Methodology Workshop on Foreign Language Teaching (Indiana, PA, 1978).