ERIC Number: ED210930
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Cultural Approach to Metacognition.
Examples of metacognitive material from different cultures are presented. These include not only clear mnemonic strategies, but more complex cases in which the element of metalinguistics enters. The relevance of this ethnographic material to issues in the experimental psychology of metacognition is discussed. Illustrations of metacognition from contemporary mentally retarded persons in our own culture are presented using an ethnographic approach. The social relevance of metacognition is emphasized. Brunswik's conceptions of distal and proximal are utilized as a model of conceiving the notion of metacognition. There are two elements involved in the concept of metacognition --an external one and an internal one. The external one lies in the domain of social interaction and social institutions, in the entire socio-technical system. The resources and determining aspects are exosomatic or outside of the individual. What is internal to the individual is the directionality or vectoring component of the cognitive process itself. When the internal engages the external, the term "metacognition" is used. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Brunswik (Egon)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (August 1981).