ERIC Number: ED210682
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Children's Production and Application of Story Imagery: A Cross-Medium Investigation. Technical Report Number 23.
Vibbert, Martha M.; Meringoff, Laurene K.
A study examined how children visualize, draw, and make inferences about story content presented either aurally on tape or as an animated film. Audio versions of the story were manipulated to include short descriptions, in either literal or nonliteral language, directly analogous to the film's visual depiction at four points in the story. These points were chosen to examine medium effects in children's visualizations of the appearance, movement, and affect of character as well as specific points of view. Forty-five fourth grade children were assigned to either a literal audio, nonliteral audio, or film condition and individually presented the story. Afterwards, they drew and talked about their visualizations and answered inference questions about related story content. The subjects' drawings were compared with those made by children in a baseline sample to assess the degree to which they included conventional ideas and prototypes in their depictions. Results provided evidence for the capacity of visual media to encourage children to visualize and draw story content in nonstereotypic ways and to provide them with numerous visual "reference points" for understanding content. In contrast, aural media afforded children the opportunity to apply their own ideas and experiences to the interpretation and visualization of stories. (Appendixes contain materials used in the study.) (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: John and Mary R. Markle Foundation, New York, NY.; National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Harvard Project Zero.
Identifiers: Media Effects