ERIC Number: ED210641
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Oct
Reference Count: 0
The Developmental Process of Vowel Integration as Found in Children in Grades 1-3.
Bentz, Darrell; Szymczuk, Mike
A study was designed to investigate the auditory-visual integrative abilities of primary grade children for five long vowels and five short vowels. The Vowel Integration Test (VIT), composed of 35 nonsense words having all the long and short vowel sounds, was administered to students in 64 schools over a period of two years. Students' indications of the vowel sounds they heard were recorded along with information regarding the test form, school district size, school's percentage of students enrolled in Title I programs, type of reading program, grade level, and subject's sex. The results revealed that the long vowel sound and the short vowel sound of "a" and "o" were easily mastered by first grade children. However, the remaining short vowel sounds (e, i, and u) were difficult for children even at the third grade level. The type of reading program was a significant factor, with supportive programs--using both basal and supplementary vowel development materials--showing consistent superiority over phonetic and nonphonetic programs. Sex type and the percentage of Title I students in a school were not significant factors. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Plains Regional Conference of the International Reading Association (9th, Des Moines, IA, October 22-24, 1981).