ERIC Number: ED210608
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Androgyny Is Known by Many Names.
Yarnold, Paul R.
Bem's Psychological Androgyny Theory (PAT) posits two independent domains of behavior on which individuals may be rated. Instrumental (Type I) behavior reflects a problem-solving orientation; expressive (Type E) behavior reflects an affective concern for the welfare of others. To examine the hypothesis that these two dimensions theoretically resembled those studied by leadership and conflict resolution literatures, male undergraduates (N=47) completed 3 inventories: (1) the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) from which Type-I and Type-E scores were computed; (2) the Fleishman Leadership Opinion Questionnaire (FLOQ) from which "structure" (Type-I) and "consideration" (Type-E) scores were computed; and (3) the Thomas-Kilman Conflict Mode Instrument (MODE) from which "assertiveness" (Type-I) and "cooperation" (Type-E) scores were computed. A factor analysis of scores generally supported the view that the BSRI, the FLOQ, and the MODE, representing PAT, leadership, and conflict resolution literatures respectively, provided similar measures. The findings suggest that androgyny as a multidisciplinary construct is known by many names. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bem Sex Role Inventory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, August 24-26, 1981).