ERIC Number: ED210578
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Sex Role Stereotypes in India and the U.S.
Allen, Mary J.; Sethi, Renuka R.
A quest for knowledge about the behavior and development of people in other parts of the world, concerns for social action, and greater family mobility have led to an increased interest in cross-cultural research. Male (N=112) and female (N=113) college students in India rated the desirability of 104 traits for Indian men or for Indian women. The traits included the 60 items on the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) plus 44 items added to explore sex differences not covered by the BSRI, but significant to Indian culture. Similar data for the BSRI items in an American sample were compared to Indian results, revealing some cross-cultural similarities in sex roles, but fewer sex-role distinctions in the Indian sample, especially for traits related to assertiveness. Traits rated more desirable for Indian males suggested a pattern of entrepreneurial tendencies. Traits rated more desirable for Indian females suggested a pattern of expressive tendencies. Traits highly desirable in Indian society included those related to ability, interpersonal warmth, trustworthiness, interpersonal strength, motivation, and family orientation. The findings suggest a considerable overlap between traits related to gender in the American and Indian samples. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: India; Social Desirability
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, August 24-26, 1981).