ERIC Number: ED210412
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Methodology for the Study of the Development of Racism.
Balch, Philip; Paulsen, Karen
The dearth and inadequacy of measurement instruments to assess racial attitudes in children of preschool age provided the impetus for an empirical study that examined four types of commonly used racial attitude measurement instruments and, at the same time, provided information on racial attitudes among preschoolers. Subjects of the study were 36 boys and girls aged 31 to 72 months from four preschools. Over a two week period, the Preschool Racial Attitude Measure II (PRAM II), the Doll Test, the Projective Prejudice Test, and the Sticker Test were administered to the subjects. A subsample of 10 children was retested after a month. Results indicated that each test had adequate reliability. The PRAM II and the Doll Test were found to be significantly correlated, but the correlations between the other measures were insignificant, indicating the multidimensionality of ethnic attitudes. Correlations between age of children and the PRAM II and the Doll Test were also significant. The findings further show that stereotypic ethnic attitudes are measurable at young ages and that there is increasing awareness of racial attitudes as children get older. In addition to reporting on the author's research, this report includes a review of currently available racial attitude measurement instruments for school age and preschool age children. (Author/MJL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Doll Choice Task; Preschool Racial Attitude Measure; Projective Prejudice Test (Katz); Sticker Family Game
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association (Denver, CO, 1981).