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ERIC Number: ED210308
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Pages: 52
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Reliability and Validity Issues Associated with the McLeod-Hawley Index of Professional Orientation.
Ferguson, Mary Ann
The professional orientation difference approach was operationalized as a stress on the importance of intellectual activity, autonomy, service and influence, with de-emphasis on the monetary, prestige, security and human relations aspects of a job. As a difference score, the index was subject to special reliability problems. This analysis identified six factors associated with the index. These included importance of expressiveness, learning, human relations, advancement, job security, and influence/prestige. Criterion variables were used to test the validity of these factors as professional orientation components. The influence/prestige factor was positively related to experience, organizational involvement, and management job activity variables. The advancement, job security, and learning factors were negatively related to education, experience, and organizational involvement. Expressiveness was unrelated to the criterion variables, while human relations was negatively related to income. The author concluded a traditional difference score approach to a professional orientation measure was unreliable. Results argue for a temporal notion of the professionalization process assuming that an orientation toward human relations, advancement, security, and prestige job aspects may be a necessary prelude to a stress on autonomy, expertise, service, and commitment. The validity of a particular professional orientation measure should not be automatically assumed. (Author/DWH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Difference Scores; McLeod Hawley Index of Professional Orientation; Professionalism