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ERIC Number: ED209598
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Differential Effects of Counselor Self-Referent Responses and Counselor Status.
McCarthy, Patricia R.
Research has suggested that self-involving responses, i.e., direct present expressions of a counselor's feelings about client statements, are highly effective counselor behaviors, while self-disclosure responses, i.e., references to personal experiences of the counselor, are moderately effective in eliciting positive client perceptions of and responses to the counselor. Female undergraduates (N=180) listened to taped interactions between a counselor and a female client in which the counselor, described as either a professional or paraprofessional, responded with either low intimacy self-disclosure, high intimacy self-disclosure, or self-involving responses. Subjects responded to the counselor as they believed the client would and rated the counselor as they believed the client would by completing the Counselor Rating Form. Results indicated that: (1) high self-disclosing and self-involving counselors received more expert and trustworthy ratings than low self-disclosing counselors; (2) paraprofessionals received more attractive and trustworthy ratings than professionals; (3) client responses to high self-disclosing and self-involving counselors contained more client self-referents than responses to low self-disclosing counselors, which contained more counselor-focused statements; and (4) responses to high self-disclosing counselors contained more affective words and fewer counselor references than responses to self-involving or low self-disclosing counselors. The findings suggest that high intimacy self-disclosure is a superior response to low intimacy self-disclosure and appears to be as effective as self-involving responses. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Self Disclosure
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, August 24-26, 1981).