ERIC Number: ED209567
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr-25
Reference Count: 0
Anomie, Women in the Labor Force and Suicide.
Caine, Robert L.
Previous studies by Newman, Whittemore, and Newman (NWN) reported that between the years 1959 and 1963 and the years 1962 and 1967, percentages of women in the labor force increased as well as suicide rates. The role of women in the labor force was indicative of anomie, which correlated with suicide. The relationship between working women and suicide has changed along with societal changes. A replication of these studies was attempted using data from 597 suicide cases occurring in the years 1967-1973. Specifically, the dependent variables from the NWN studies and two new variables, percent married and percent divorced, were examined. Results showed that race, housing, and income were significant predictors. Age, the weakest predictor in the NWN studies, was now a significant predictor of suicide rate. The variable, "women in the labor force," was not a significant predictor in the replication study. An analysis of the variables, "percent married," and "percent divorced," using sex-specific suicide rates concluded that male suicide rates correlated positively with the divorce rate, while female suicide rates correlated positively with the marriage rate. The existing social and political situations of the three time periods may help to explain the findings. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Anomie Theory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Suicidology (14th, Albuquerque, NM, April 24-26, 1981). Best copy available.