ERIC Number: ED209327
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Grade Inflation and the Validity of the Scholastic Aptitude Test.
Bejar, Isaac I.; Blew, Edwin O.
This study was conducted to establish the existence of grade inflation and show that the ability of college students has remained constant. The second purpose was to examine the effect of grade inflation on the validity of the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). Two types of analyses were performed to gather data. A longitudinal analysis of selected characterisitcs of SAT scores and grade point average (GPA) over a fifteen year period was conducted. The second analysis focuses on selected schools to evaluate the effect of grade inflation on the validity of the SAT in those colleges. The conclusions reached were increases in GPA were due to grade inflation since there was no concomitant increase in SAT scores. The rate of grade inflation seems to have diminished since 1974 as indicated by levelling-out of GPA means. If grade inflation is seen as the addition of a constant to grades, it will not affect validity since this would not affect the correlation of GPA and SAT. In the presence of declining validity of High School Record, the SAT has become a more valuable tool for predicting academic success in college. (Author/DWH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.
Identifiers: Scholastic Aptitude Test