ERIC Number: ED209252
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Test Bias: In God We Trust, All Others Must Have Data.
Reynolds, Cecil R.
The cultural test bias hypothesis represents the contention that all ethnic or racial group differences on mental tests are due to inherent, artifactual biases produced within the tests through flawed psychometric methodology. This address focuses on an empirical evaluation of the cultural test bias hypothesis, especially emphasizing the construct validity and criterion-related validity of these tests. A considerable body of literature exists failing to substantiate cultural bias against native-born American ethnic minorities with regard to the use of well-constructed, adequately standardized intelligence and aptitude tests. With respect to personality scales, the evidence is far more preliminary and thus considerably less conclusive. Despite this evidence, psychologists need to keep abreast of new findings in the area. As new technioues and better methodology are developed and more specific populations examined, the now seen as random, infrequent findings of bias may become better understood and seen to display a correctable pattern. (Author/BW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (Revised)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (Los Angeles, CA, August, 1981).