ERIC Number: ED209178
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jan
Reference Count: 0
The Selection and Training of Headteachers in Norway.
Esp, D. G.
This report offers an overview of the educational system in Norway and of the selection and training of headteachers in the elementary and secondary schools. Compulsory education lasts for 9 years (for students from 7-16 years of age) and is provided by the basic school, the grunnskolen. All pupils follow almost the same timetable throughout the first seven years, with limited subject options in the eighth and ninth grades. The educational system is highly centralized because of the need to provide equal opportunities for people living in varying geographical and social circumstances. There is a trend toward administration being increasingly devolved to regional and local boards. Teacher training is funded by the Ministry and usually organized at the county or municipal level. There is no training for headship prior to appointment because the training would be contrary to a tradition, backed by parliamentary decision, that emphasizes practical teaching experience and professional improvement through self-training. Educational institutions have a high degree of participatory government via staff, student, and parent councils. Heads of the grunnskolen are recruited on the basis of five years of good teaching experience and evidence of management skills. Headteachers may have had experience as deputies or school counselors, but there is no ladder of promotion. Appointment arrangements are supervised by the County Director of Schools with the cooperation of a municipal board. Final approval of appointments rests with the Ministry of Education. Appendices provide two documents, written by a county director of education, describing two compulsory inservice programs designed to improve working conditions. (JD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For related documents, see SP 018 738-742.