ERIC Number: ED209149
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Adjustment of Black Children Adopted by White Families.
Silverman, Arnold R.; Feigelman, William
This paper discusses a research project undertaken to explore placement of minority children in white families. The intent of the research was to evaluate criticism of transracial adoption by groups including the National Association of Black Social Workers which stated in 1972 that "Black children should be placed only with black families...because black children in white homes are cut off from a healthy development of themselves as black people." Project staff compared questionnaire responses of 97 white families which had adopted white children with responses of 56 white families which had adopted black children. Questions focused on parental judgments regarding the adopted child's overall adjustment, the frequency with which the adopted child encountered physical or emotional problems, family opposition to the adoption, pre-adoptive experiences of the child, and the child's age at adoption. Findings indicated that black children adopted into white families exhibited more maladjustment problems than white children adopted into white families, transracially adopted black children were often older than comparable white adopted children, black children were more likely to be adopted after infancy and were often exposed to hostile pre-adoptive environments, and adjustment of all adopted children declined as the children grew older. The conclusion is that the age of a child at adoption has more impact on adjustment than does transracial adoption. The implication is that transracial adoption at an early age remains a viable option for the placement of black children. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: State Univ. of New York, Albany. Research Foundation.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Nassau Community Coll., Garden City, NY.
Identifiers: Transracial Adoption
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1981).