ERIC Number: ED208936
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Exposure to Prekindergarten on Five Social Competency Factors.
Flint, David L.; Hick, Thomas L.
When total scores on the California Preschool Social Competency Scale (CPSCS) of disadvantaged children attending New York State experimental prekindergarten programs in 1975-76 were replaced by factor scores derived through principal component analysis, exposure time had no significant relationship to three components of the scale: considerateness, task orientation, and response to the unfamilar. Exposure time did have a curvilinear and generally positive, if subtle, relationship to the extraversion component and to the verbal facility component. Thus, there does appear to be a positive relationship between the time children spent in programs and their rating on the CPSCS at the end of the programs. The relationship is restricted, however, to those parts of the scale which measure extraversion and, to a larger extent, verbal competence. The decomposition of the total CPSCS score into its principal components as criterion variables in regression analysis has isolated the areas of social competency on which prekindergartens have an effect. Moreover, the strength of the effect on verbal social competency has been found to be greater than the previously found effect on overall social competency as measured by the total scale score. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Extraversion Introversion; Principal Components Analysis
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Educational Research Association (4th, Philadelphia, PA, March 12-14, 1981).