ERIC Number: ED208710
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug-1
Reference Count: 0
Chicano Students in American Higher Education--A Review of the Literature.
Webster, David S.
Literature on Chicano students in American higher education is reviewed and criticized. The following topics are addressed: the difficulty of defining "Chicano;" problems in working with Chicano census data; the United State Chicano population in terms of age, family size, as a percentage of all United States Hispanics, and geographical distribution; higher education for Chicanos in the United States before and after 1970; Chicano studies programs and centers; and colleges attended by large numbers of Chicanos. In this report Chicano is used to refer to those who came to the United States from Mexico. Statistics on Chicanos in high school and factors that have been cited as contributing to limited access of Chicanos to higher education, including selectivity, tuition expense, inadequate programs, transfer problems, and inadequate information, are examined. Once Chicano students enter college, empirical findings suggest that they drop out more often than do other students, tend to major and earn degrees in fields requiring less quantitative rigor than do other students, and go on to graduate and professional school less often than do other students. It is claimed that these facts suggest that the standard predictors of college success do not work very well for Chicano students. Enrollment statistics of Chicanos in higher education are cited in terms of level of enrollment, types of schools attended, and regions of the country. Literature on Chicano grade point averages, attrition, graduate and professional school attendance, and affective and emotional qualities is examined. A bibliography is appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Access to Education, College Students, Enrollment Influences, Enrollment Trends, Ethnic Studies, Grade Point Average, Graduate Study, Higher Education, Mexican Americans, Population Distribution, Predictor Variables, Professional Education, Student Attitudes, Student Attrition, Student Characteristics, Undergraduate Study
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Chicanas; Chicanos