ERIC Number: ED208655
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Dec
Reference Count: 0
The English of Shona Speakers: An Application of the Interlanguage Concept.
Using the notion of interlanguage, this paper illustrates how a useful characterization may be obtained of some aspects of the English of Shona speakers. The interference hypothesis in language learning is demoted, while the interlanguage hypothesis in which interference plays a part, is promoted. Application of the interlanguage concept illustrates that Shona-English has developed a standard form. Five interlanguage processes that are discussed and exemplified are: (1) language transfer as illustrated through stress, rhythm, and phoneme transfer; (2) transfer of training in which deviances arise as a result of identifiable items in training procedures; (3) strategies of learning that involve the ways in which a learner approaches the unknown material; (4) strategies of communication that mark the approach a learner adopts to communicate with native speakers of a target language; and (5) overgeneralization of target language linguistic material. The data serve to acknowledge the existence of the Shona variety of English and the fact that it is a satisfactory means of communication for all circumstances. Its distinctiveness arises from distinctive pronunciation and idioms, while the grammar is not distinguishable from that of other varieties. (Author/JK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Linguistics in Central and Southern Africa Conference (Salisbury, Rhodesia, December 10, 1975).