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ERIC Number: ED208274
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Androgyny and Leadership: An Integration.
Research indicates that sex role orientation may be a better predictor of leadership behavior than biological sex. To provide support for the integration of sex role and leadership theories, two studies were conducted using college students as research subjects. In the first study, female and male students completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) and a modified version of the Leader Behavior Description Questionnaire (LBDQ). Results showed that an initiating structure leadership style was significantly correlated with masculinity, while a consideration style of leadership was significantly correlated with femininity. Androgyny was highly correlated with both styles. In the second study, students' BSRI scores were used to classify subjects as masculine males, feminine females, or androgynous males and females. Subjects then discussed human relations problems and their verbal responses were categorized according to Bales' Interaction Process Analysis. Results indicated that females acted less stereotypically with other females than with males. Androgynous females had the highest rates of both task and social-emotional verbal output. The percentage of task-oriented statements was highest for masculine males. The findings suggest that androgynous persons may be the best leaders because of their ability to incorporate both aspects of the leadership role. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Women in Psychology (8th, Boston, MA, March 5-8, 1981). Best copy available.