ERIC Number: ED208220
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
Occupational Stress and the Mental and Physical Health of Factory Workers. Research Report Series.
House, James S.
A study assessed the relation of potentially stressful objective job characteristics and perceived psychosocial job stress and the relation of both of these to a variety of indicators of physical and mental health. The study also determined whether any of these relationships were conditioned by a variety of individual characteristics (age, education, work motivations, and personality traits) and situational characteristics (social support, exposure to physical-chemical hazards, and piecework). Data were collected from a self-administered questionnaire sent to 2,856 workers (67 percent of whom completed the questionnaire) in a tire, rubber, plastics, and chemical plant in a small northeastern city and from limited medical examinations of a subset of 353 of the 1,809 white male respondents. Included among the major study findings were the following: (1) a wide range of perceived occupational stress was associated with both reported symptoms and medical signs of ill health; (2) while job characteristics were related to perceived stress in the predicted ways, the relationships were weaker than expected; and (3) two conditioning variables (exposure to physical-chemical hazards and social support) had strong and important effects. Limitations of the study were noted and discussed. (MN)
Descriptors: Blue Collar Occupations, Educational Attainment, Employee Attitudes, Individual Characteristics, Mental Health, Motivation, Occupational Surveys, Personality Traits, Physical Health, Questionnaires, Stress Variables, Work Attitudes, Work Environment
Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan, P.O. Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 ($14.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for Social Research.
Identifiers: Hazards; Occupational Health; Stress (Biological)